Home

Best orbital decompression surgeons

When it comes to any type of surgery that involves your vision or your appearance, it is important that you see a highly qualified surgeon for optimal results. At the La Peer Orbital Surgery Center of Excellence, our doctors are the best in the field. Our Los Angeles eye surgeons have attended some of the top medical schools in the country Endoscopic Orbital Decompression by Oculoplastic Surgeons for Proptosis in Thyroid Eye Disease. PURPOSE: Orbital decompression is an established surgical treatment option for a range of orbital conditions. Traditionally, Ear, Nose and Throat surgeons have adopted the endoscopic route while ophthalmologists operate via an external approach Also known as Graves' disease and bulging eyes, thyroid eye disease is a condition in which the eyes become swollen, seeming to bulge. To treat thyroid eye disease, we perform orbital decompression surgery. We remove some of the underlying tissue and bone to reduce the appearance of swollen eyes. Learn more about thyroid eye disease Orbital decompression is done to take the pressure off the optic nerve and allow recovery of sight, or to improve the cosmetic appearance. There are various surgical techniques. Sometimes an incision is made at the outer angle of the eyelids and the scar rapidly fades into the natural creases. Sometimes the surgery is done endoscopically (up.

Orbital decompression surgery can address all of these issues. In addition, this eye surgery is favored by expert Beverly Hills oculoplastic surgeons like Dr. Taban because it's minimally invasive and can be performed on an outpatient basis 215-928-3250. to make an appointment online. Wills Eye oculoplastic surgeons treat patients with medical conditions such as ptosis, orbital injuries or tumors, thyroid eye disease, blocked tear ducts, and eyelid cancer. We perform a full range of aesthetic procedures in and around the eye including: brow lifting, eyelid surgery, BOTOX® and. Why Is Dubai The Best Place For An Orbital Decompression? Dubai is considered one of the best places for orbital decompression due to their affordable cost, well- experienced surgeons, s the doctor-friendly environment, and the improvement of innovative technologies, medical technologies, and modern hospitals Dr. Ramesh has performed hundreds of orbital decompressions and is one of the most experienced surgeons in the United States for this procedure. He has published multiple scientific publications on orbital decompression and is a highly sought-after national and international speaker on this topic

Meet Best Orbital Surgeons & Doctors Los Angeles Orbital M

Oculoplastic and orbital surgery is plastic surgery focused on the structures surrounding the eye, including the eyelids, orbit (bones of the eye socket), lacrimal system (tear duct system), forehead, and midface area. Because surgery in these areas can affect vision, ophthalmic plastic surgeons are best qualified to perform this delicate surgery Orbital decompression surgery is a major eye surgery. However, the surgery can be vital for those with severe symptoms caused by thyroid eye disease (TED). Miss Kimia Ziahosseini has performed several orbital decompression surgeries for TED (thyroid eye disease) patients and guided them through recovery She underwent bilateral orbital decompression surgery (eye socket bone and fat removed from behind the eyeball to push back the eyeball) and lower eyelid retraction surgery (to raise the lower eyelids). Note improved eye appearance and function (eye is able to close now). Before and 2 months postoperative photos are shown

Endoscopic Orbital Decompression by Oculoplastic Surgeons

At W Cosmetic Surgery® of Philadelphia, we perform orbital decompression surgery, eyelid surgery and cosmetic surgery on patients with thyroid eye disease, helping them to make them look and feel more natural and youthful. Serving customers from Plymouth, Philadelphia, Main Line, PA and surrounding areas Orbital decompression surgery is specifically designed to help with bulging eyes. In Thyroid Eye Disease, bulging is caused by the swelling of the fat and muscle that surround the eyes. Because the eye is in an inflexible bony eye socket, the swelling causes the eye to push forward, resulting in a bulging eye Orbital decompression surgery is performed to relieve exophthalmos, a condition associated with Graves' disease, which causes the eyes to bulge and may lead to loss of vision.. Orbital Decompression: Why It's Performed. Patients typically elect to undergo this procedure when the symptoms of exophthalmos become severe. This stage of the disease may include

Our team performs minimally invasive surgical approaches, such as endoscopic orbital decompression surgery, for thyroid eye disease. Because these delicate, state-of-the-art surgeries are performed through the nose (instead of a large incision near the eye), there are fewer risks of complications, such as scarring, infection, and double vision Orbital decompression surgery is designed to remove bone and/or fat from behind the eye, allowing the eye to move back into its socket. The surgery makes more room behind the eye for the enlarged muscles that have developed with the disease. Kellogg surgeons are among the leaders in adopting minimally invasive techniques Some patients with Graves' disease require orbital decompression, either to protect the vision, improve comfort, or improve their appearance by letting the eyes go back into the orbit. Dr. Schiller is pleased to be able to offer state-of-the-art minimal incision orbital decompression with the incisions placed inside the eyelids Contact lenses can be worn when comfortable (usually after 7-10 days). Dr. Taban is an experienced orbital decompression surgeon. He has an oculoplastic surgeon with specialized training in eyelid, orbit, and lacrimal surgery. He has offices in the greater Los Angeles area (Beverly Hills and Santa Barbara)

Thyroid Eye Disease Photos Houston TX, Ophthalmic Plastic

Thyroid Eye Disease. Patients that have over or under active thyroid disease or even euthyroid (normal) Graves' disease can develop associated eye and eyelid problems. This is believed to be caused by thyroid hormones triggering an autoimmune response in the fat and muscles behind and around the eyes. Even when the systemic disease process is. Top 10 Orbital Decompression Surgery In Chennai - Get Online Consultation. Ophthalmologist in Chennai have been catering to the needs of domestic and international patients offering a range of medical and surgical eye care for the protection, conservation, augmentation and restitution of vision for all age groups Three-wall orbital decompression superiority to 2-wall orbital decompression in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 2006;64:763-769

Orbital decompression surgery is performed on patients whose eyes (one or both) are bulging out towards the eyeball (exophthalmos).. Patients with exophthalmos usually experience an increase in pressure in the space behind the eyeball (orbital cavity) which compresses the space including the fat content, muscles, nerves and blood vessels.. This surgical procedure increases the space of the. Thyroid Eye Disease (Orbit Surgery) Orbital Decompression Surgery. Once the active inflammatory phase of thyroid eye disease has subsided, an individual may be left with structural changes, such as eye protrusion (proptosis or exophthalmos), eyelid retraction, in some cases, double vision (diplopia) Dr. David Miller, MD. 41 ratings. 24075 COMMERCE PARK Beachwood, OH 44122. See more top doctors who perform Orbital Decompression and Orbitotomy in Cleveland

Orbital and Oculoplastic Eye Surgery Cedars-Sina

Orbital Surgery The orbit is the boney socket in the human skull where the eyes and all associated structures that support it are located. While the eyes and these supporting tissues are surrounded by fat that acts as a protecting cushion, a variety of problems can affect the orbital area and the eyes Call 813.877.8665 today to schedule a confidential consultation with Oculoplastic Surgeon, Dr. Geoffrey Kwitko about your Orbital Surgery needs and goals. The orbit refers to the boney cavity in the skull that houses the eye. Problems that occur in the orbit include infections, inflammations (including thyroid disease), benign masses, and.

Orbital Decompression Surgery — Dr Ye Chen · Oculoplastic

An Orbitotomy operation is a cut made into the orbit during surgery, to enable the elimination of a tumour or foreign body, to treat a lesion, or to strain an abscess. In case of Thyroid Eye Disease, orbital decompression surgery is carried out so as to reduce forward eye displacement (proptosis) & exophthalmos The WVU Eye Institute's oculoplastic and orbital surgeons specialize in plastic and reconstructive surgery for adult and pediatric diseases and abnormalities of the eyelid, the area around the eye (known as the orbit), and the tear duct/lacrimal system. We have dedicated clinics to address thyroid eye disease and cosmetic BOTOX® facial rejuvenation as well Oculoplastic Surgery Philadelphia PA - Annesley, Flanagan, Stefanyszyn, Penne & Associates offer the latest in Oculoplastic Surgery and Ophthalmology. Our practices serve Philadelphia PA, Marlton NJ and surrounding areas

Canthoplasty is a cosmetic surgical procedure that corrects uneven or sagging eyelids. It is a delicate and specialized procedure that you want performed only by a highly skilled oculoplastic surgeon who has significant experience in cosmetic eyelid procedures, like Dr. Marshak in Palm Desert, California First stage: minimally invasive orbital decompression surgery. Orbital decompression surgery is designed to remove bone and/or fat from behind the eye, allowing the eye to move back into its socket. The surgery makes more room behind the eye for the enlarged muscles that have developed with the disease. Kellogg surgeons are among the leaders in. Dr. Saks performs cosmetic and functional surgery of the eyelids, brow, and midface, as well as BOTOX injections for both aesthetic rejuvenation and spasm disorders. In addition, he is also a skilled oculoplastic trauma surgeon and is experienced in orbital fracture repair. He is knowledgeable in both medical and surgical treatment of orbital.

Orbital decompression surgery is an operation on the eye socket (orbit) that reduces the protrusion of the eye or eyes that can occur with thyroid eye disease (or TED, sometimes called thyroid orbitopathy, Graves' eye disease, Graves' ophthalmopathy or Graves' orbitopathy). The main reasons for performing the operation are to reduce the. Here's what Dr. Douglas wants you to know as you consider or prepare for orbital decompression surgery. How orbital surgery can help. Dr. Douglas' main goal with orbital decompression surgery is to relieve pressure around your eye area. Once you have a little more room in your eye socket, your eyeball can rest more naturally and comfortably

What to Expect During Orbital Decompression Surger

Orbital decompression is a surgery that removes bone and fat from the socket, or orbit, of the eye to relieve the symptoms of eye conditions, like exophthalmos — a condition that causes your eyes to look like they're coming out of their sockets (bulging eyes) Before and after images of orbital decompression surgery. Orbital decompression surgery is an operation that eases the pressure behind the eye for people with Graves' eye disease. Your doctor uses endoscopy and specialized tools to remove bone that is constraining the eye muscles, optic nerve and fat in the space behind the eye

Oculoplastic & Orbital Surgery Service Wills Eye Hospita

Orbital decompression surgery Bulgy Eyes Surgery, Cost

  1. November 8, 2012. Answer: Orbital Decompression alternatives for Thyroid Eye Condition. Orbital decompression, where the bone around the eye is removed, is generally the primary treatment for Graves eye disease. Orbital decompression is an outpatient procedure, similar to blepharoplasty or eyelid surgery, where patients go home the same day
  2. Posted on February 19, 2016. February 19, 2016 by stillstanding2016. Good morning. Well, it has been exactly 4 weeks today since my Orbital Decompression surgery. My left eye is still swollen. Both eyes are still numb on the outer corners. My left eye, temple and cheek are still numb as well. My right eye still has a small amount of bruising.
  3. Orbital decompression surgery is the mainstay of rehabilitation for TED; it can improve nearly every aspect of the disease, from vision-threatening optic nerve damage or corneal exposure (Figure 2) to cosmesis (Figure 3). Quality of life is often better after surgery, since orbital congestion, pain and dry eye can improve
  4. Orbital Decompression Postoperative Instructions. Sleep with your head slightly elevated for 2-3 days. No heavy lifting or straining for 7 days. Do not blow your nose or sniff forcefully. Sneeze with your mouth open if possible. It is OK to wipe your nose gently. It is normal to have mild bloody drainage from your nose for the first 24 to 72 hours
  5. Orbital decompression, typically performed for patients with proptosis in thyroid eye disease (TED), increases the available space for the orbital contents, thereby reducing the degree of proptosis and the risk of visual loss. The operation is achieved either by removing part of the wall (s) of the orbit, and, in some units, by excision of some.
  6. Change in eyelid parameters after orbital decompression in thyroid-associated orbitopathy. To investigate quantitative changes in eyelid parameters after orbital decompression surgery in thyroid-associated orbitopathy using the PC-based program, Eyelid Analysis Software (EAS). This study included 202 eyes of 109 thyroid-associated orbitopathy.
  7. Medical Park Hospitals Group. 3 review. Orbital decompression 564 (treatments ) Price on request. Antalya, Istanbul. The international group of clinics Medical Park is the national brand of Turkey in the field of medicine. It is the largest and one of the most famous Turkish medical care group
Cosmetic Eyelid Surgery in Beverly Hills - Dr

What is Orbital Decompression? Deepak Ramesh, MD

Purpose: To determine the effect of orbital decompression surgery on lid retraction as a function of proptosis reduction in the setting of thyroid eye disease. Methods: Retrospective interventional case series of all consecutive medial and lateral orbital decompressions performed by the authors for thyroid eye disease from 1999 to 2008

Oculoplastic and Orbital Surgery Conditions & Treatments

  1. Endoscopic orbital decompression is a surgery to treat Graves' orbitopathy (thyroid eye disease). It removes the middle and bottom walls of the bone surrounding the eye. Surgeons use endoscopes and small instruments working through the nose. Removing these walls allows us to expand the swollen tissues in the eye into the sinuses
  2. The transantral approach created unbalanced inferomedial decompression with a high incidence of consecutive strabismus, infraorbital anesthesia, and sinusitis.[6 13] The fourth wall, orbital roof decompression was initially advocated by Naffziger, but is fraught with potentially serious complications, and hence is best avoided except in extreme.
  3. An orbital decompression is a delicate ENT surgery done to relieve pressure on the eyes. When too much pressure is placed on the eyes, it causes them to bulge and an orbital decompression is necessary to relieve the pressure in order for the eyes to fit back into their sockets
  4. This surgery also does not address a weakness in the projection of the cheekbone. Orbital Decompression to Fix Botched Lower Eyelids. Cosmetic orbital decompression surgery is sometimes offered as an alternative to addressing the relative lack of cheekbone projection. This involves a significant surgery that removes bone behind the eye
  5. Orbital decompression surgery can often improve proptosis by enlarging the eye socket (orbit) to accommodate the swollen fat and muscle tissues behind the eye. This allows the eye to settle back into a more comfortable position. The consistency and amount of fat varies from case to case and will impact the degree of decompression achieved by.
  6. Endoscopic Orbital Surgery uses the same techniques to access disease or tumors of the orbit, while avoiding large incisions on the face and around the eyes. During the procedure, an endoscopic skull base surgeon works along-side neurosurgeons, oculoplastic surgeons and other specialists as needed

Orbital decompression surgery and recovery Top Doctor

Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing cosmetic orbital decompression by one surgeon. Surgical technique included customized graded orbital bony-wall decompression (lateral-wall, basin, medial-wall, posterior-strut) and intraconal fat removal using eyelid crease and/or caruncle incisions Orbital decompression surgery is most often done to improve the appearance of the eyes in people with thyroid eye disease who are affected by exophthalmos. It may also be required to reduce pressure on the optic nerve. During the operation, a small amount of bone is removed from your eye sockets (orbits) and some of the fat surrounding the.

Surgical orbital decompression for proptosis secondary to Graves' Disease. Intro- Graves' disease is the leading cause of hyperthyroidism in the developed world. Some of the signs and symptoms of Graves' disease include goiter, tremor, elevated heart rate, hyperreflexia, eye disease, and pretibial myxedema. 1 The ocular findings of Graves. Orbital decompression surgery is done under general anesthesia with the patient completely asleep. Risks of anesthesia include but are not limited to damage to the eye and surrounding tissue and structures, loss of vision, breathing problems, and, in extremely rare circumstances, stroke or death Lateral orbital wall decompression surgery is the procedure of choice in those patients that do not have double vision. It is the only technique that can reposition the eyes without the risk of new onset or worsening double vision. The procedure is performed through an upper eyelid skin crease incision and involves removing the back part of the.

Orbital decompression surgery focuses on removing bone from one or more walls of the orbit, and the removal of orbital fat. Removing bone from the walls of the orbit will help maintain symmetry in the orbital tissues, will reduce proptosis, and will reduce any compression placed on the eyes Orbital Decompression Orbital decompression is a surgical procedure used to help create additional space in the eye socket so that an eye that is pushed forward can return to a more normal position. Most commonly performed for thyroid-associated eye disease, this procedure takes place in an operating room under general anesthesia

The typical cosmetic cost for orbital decompression ranges from $7,500 to $15,000 depending on the complexity of the case, and how far the eyes need to be set. This surgery can also be combined. Oculoplastic and orbital surgery (also known as oculofacial surgery, or ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery) treats conditions of the eyelids, eye socket and tear drainage system. While surgeons from many specialties can perform surgery of the eyelids and eye socket, oculoplastic surgeons devote their entire practices to treating this.

Cosmetic Orbital Decompression ( Bulging Eye ) Surgery

More surgeons are turning towards orbital decompression surgery as a means for addressing the severe disfigurement caused by thyroid orbitopathy (TRO), even when the disease is not vision threatening Strabismus, when stable, is best corrected with prisms or muscle surgery. In recent years, decompressions have been performed more frequently for cosmetic reasons. However, because of the serious potential complications of orbital decompression, we usually reserve decompression surgery for the preservation of vision in cases of CON. Traum

Orbital decompression surgery improves your eye's appearance and function. If other eye surgeries are needed, orbital decompression surgery is done first. Usually, surgeries are 2 to 4 months. ache) after surgery although this typically settles over 6-12 months. The disruption of the facial sinuses during orbital decompression means that there is a risk of major sinus pain during air travel and such travel should probably be avoided, if possible, for about 2 weeks after orbital decompression Where proptosis is minimal, decompression might be best avoided and, instead, squint surgery (surgery on the eye muscles) may be used to improve any double vision, or eyelid surgery may be needed to improve the appearance or the eyelid closure. Two or three-wall orbital decompression is of particular value in improving the appearanc Ophthalmic Plastic, Reconstructive & Orbital Surgery. Cosmetic and reconstructive procedures that are performed on the eyelids, orbital sockets and lacrimal system are referred to as oculoplastic surgery. The small, highly specialized field of oculoplastic surgery combines the precision and microsurgery of ophthalmology with the aesthetic and.

Orbital Decompression is a surgical option to alleviate the symptoms of Graves' disease. After other treatment methods such as oral medication or eye drops have failed, patients may need surgery. Graves' disease causes pressure and bulging behind the eye and orbital decompression is a surgical means of creating more space Orbital surgery may involve treatment for thyroid eye disease (orbital decompression or retraction repair), orbital fracture repair and orbital tumor removal. In some cases of trauma or tumors, eyes may need to be removed with enucleation or evisceration procedures. The doctors at Pittsburgh Oculoplastic Associates, Ltd. provide oculoplastic. Sometimes, orbital decompression surgery becomes the most suitable treatment for people suffering from exophthalmos and Graves' disease due to their thyroid. So what is orbital decompression surgery? Well, orbital decompression surgery is the partial or complete removal of one or more of the four walls of the orbits of the eye socket

Things I wish I'd known about Orbital Decompression Surgery

  1. Use the search feature and archives to read the many posts and discussions about orbital decompression surgery. It is big time surgery with a long recovery period. It often however can save sight and dramatically improve appearance. Be sure you are under the care of an experieinced oculoplastic surgeon that does a lot of these procedures
  2. Everything You Need to Know About Orbital Decompression. Orbital decompression is a sensitive ENT procedure undertaken to alleviate eye pressure. If so much pressure is applied to the eyes, they bulge and you need orbital decompression in order to accommodate the eyes in their sockets. When are you going to need surgery on orbital decompression.
  3. Orbital decompression surgery Approximately 30% of patients with Graves Disease (autoimmune thyroid condition) will develop a secondary condition known as Graves Ophthalmopathy. In these patients, progressive enlargement of the muscles that move the eye and surrounding orbital fat leads to eye bulging, or exophthalmos

Best Orbital Decompression Surgery, Orbital Decompression

  1. Orbital decompression is a type of surgery that removes the bones and sometimes the fat in the orbit (socket) of the eye. The most common reason for this surgery is thyroid eye disease (also often known as Grave's eye disease). Thyroid eye disease can cause the following symptoms
  2. Orbital decompression surgery is usually completed in 1 hour with the patient under general anesthesia. Dr. Gene along with your oculoplastic surgeron perform orbital decompression surgeries with an intranasal endoscope route to remove 1 or more walls of the eye socket. The advantage of this approach is that it is successful from both a.
  3. g around the upper orbital bone. Here it is often compressed by a band of tissue that can be seen here with the tips of the scissors behind the constricting band. With a bit more dissection, the nerve bundle that is causing the patient's pain can be.
  4. I finally had bilateral orbital decompression done last week, 7/29/08. I was diagnosed with Graves Disease and TED last year. Here are some general things I can share at this point : the surgery was done by an ENT and my ocular surgeon. It took about 3 hours. I spent 1 night in the hospital
  5. Oculoplastic Surgeon. What is an Oculoplastic Surgeon? Oculoplastic surgeons are ophthalmologists (eye doctors) who have specialised in eyelid and facial plastic surgery. Oculoplastic surgeons are trained to do many different types of eyelid and facial surgery, ranging from simple eyelid malpositions to more complex reconstruction involving the eyelids and surrounding forehead, temporal and.
  6. Orbital decompression is one of them. The surgery can help move the eyes of thyroid sufferers back to a more normal position and cosmetically improve their appearance, clarified Dr. Khan, who performs this type of procedure on a regular basis. The procedure typically takes between one to three hours (depending on whether the procedure is.

Orbital Decompression University of Miami Health Syste

Orbital decompression is done to reduce the bulgy appearance of the eyes, either for functional (medical) or cosmetic reasons (cosmetic orbital decompression), by removing orbital fat and bone. Another rare indication for orbital decompression is compressive optic neuropathy. Patient with Thyroid Eye Disease and exophthalmos Orbital Decompression. This procedure is a tried and tested method of addressing various diseases of the eyes. Orbital decompression deals with conditions that affect the orbit, or eye socket. When there is not enough space for the eye within the socket, a surgeon may need to remove some of the bone in the affected area Orbital decompression surgery helps patients with thyroid eye disease (TED). In TED the soft tissues within the eye socket can expand and this can cause the eye to move forwards. This can potentially make the surface of the eye uncomfortable or cause pressure on the optic nerve that connects the eye to the brain. Decompression Orbital decompression is performed for various reasons including the following: Exophthalmos (bulging of the eye) due to Grave's Disease or thyroid eye disease. Chronic eye pain. Inability to close the eye. Pinched optic nerve (optic neuropathy) and vision impairment. Scar tissue formation over the cornea (keratitis) from constant eye irritation

Hi, has anyone had orbital decompression surgery - Thyroid U

orbital decompression by allowing prolapse of the orbital contents into the tem-poralis fossa. Later, in 1929 Hirsch described an approach for orbital floor decompression [12] and, in 1931, the neurosurgeon Naffziger described an approach to decompress the orbital roof. The first description of medial wal Taking together, orbital decompression surgery is best performed in the inactive phase of TED for rehabilitation, but decompression may also be required in the active phase for cases of DON that are refractory to medical treatment [18, 19]. 3. Clinical Decision Making in Surgical Decompression for DO Anatomy is best addressed in relation to the individual sinuses and is important to identify on preoperative imaging (). 8 The orange shading in Fig. 18.1 indicates the structures removed as part of an endoscopic orbital decompression.Download : Download full-size image Fig. 18.1. Schematic drawings in coronal (A) and axial (B) view showing the boundaries of endoscopic orbital decompression

My Orbital Decompression Surgery Nightmare - Patient's Loung

Decompression surgery for DON is best performed after the disease has become inactive, but decompression may also be required in the active phase of GO for cases of DON that are refractory to medical treatment. DON has been managed with orbital decompression by various techniques Kamer L, Noser H, Kirsch E, Hammer B. Anatomy-based surgical concepts for individualized orbital decompression surgery in graves orbitopathy. II. Orbital rim position and angulation. Ophthal. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 28(4), 251-255 (2012). Müller-Forell W, Kahaly GJ. Neuroimaging of Graves' orbitopathy. Best Pract. Res. Clin

Double vision is the most common side-effect of orbital decompression surgery. Although, I am unclear about what damage the nose-blowing episode caused and what nerve has been injured. Regardless, ophthalmologists with training in ocular muscle procedures, called strabismus surgeons, specialize in re-alignment of the eyes and can often help to. Orbital decompression is a type of surgery that removes the bones and sometimes the fat in the orbit (socket) of the eye. The most common reason for this surgery is thyroid eye disease (also often known as Grave's eye disease) A recent study has shown that strabismus surgery can affect proptosis, especially in patients who have undergone previous orbital decompression. 3 Of the 26 eyes in our study, 6 showed an increase of 2 mm or greater after strabismus surgery, although the average postoperative increase was 0.9 mm in patients in the decompression group Because orbital decompression surgery is a minimally invasive procedure, the likelihood of facing any of the aforementioned risks is low. Plus, a doctor helps a patient prepare for treatment so he or she can achieve the best-possible results